China recognizes prominent scientists

 

 

 

 

Chinese President Xi Jinping  and other Chinese top leaders meet with representatives attending

the presenting ceremony of China’s 2014 State Top Scientific and Technological Awards before

the ceremony at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing on January 9, 2015.   Photo by Li Xueren

 

Chinese President Xi Jinping (right) presents China’s top science and technology accolade to

nuclear physicist Yu Min, an academician at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, during the

presenting ceremony of China’s 2014 State Top Scientific and Technological Awards at the

Great Hall of the People in Beijing on January 9, 2015.   Photo by Ma Zhancheng

 

 

 

Chinese nuclear physicist

receives nation’s top science award

 

By Tian Ying, Wu Chen and Yu Xiaojie

 

Chinese nuclear physicist Yu Min who was behind the country’s first successful hydrogen bomb test won China’s top science and technology accolade on Friday of January 9.

Chinese President Xi Jinping presented the award to Yu, an academician at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, at an annual ceremony held to honor the most distinguished scientists and research achievements.

Yu, born in north China’s Tianjin in 1926, was behind China’s first successful hydrogen bomb test in the Cold War era. He was part of the miniaturization of nuclear weapons, technological breakthroughs in the neutron bomb, and filled a national void in the theory of atomic nucleus.

Yu’s life converged with the bomb on January 12, 1961 when the late Qian Sanqing, the “Father of China’s Atomic Bomb”, assigning him to researching hydrogen bomb theories.

“I accepted without hesitation,” Yu recalled. The young scientist who was then pursuing theoretical studies on the nucleus shifted focus and embarked on a clandestine career lasting 28 years. It was not until 1988 when the mission was fully declassified that Yu’s wife found out what her husband had really been up to.

In 1965, Yu led a squad of scientists. Cai Zhaohui, a squad member, said during the “battle”, lasting over 100 days, Yu was buried in stacks of computer paper tape as he led the team over technological hurdles to develop the hydrogen bomb. At that time, there was only one computer that operated 10,000 calculations per second in China.

“Yu led us as we mapped out the entire physical design of the bomb, through theories to materials and prototypes,” Cai said. “Without a nuclear deterrent, there could be no true independence for China.”

Yu declined the title of “Father of Hydrogen Bomb”, insisting that systematic work required equal perspiration from all participants.

Following their successes with the hydrogen bomb, Yu and his team worked on the miniaturization of nuclear weapons and on the neutron bomb.

Yu was acclaimed as having filled a void in China’s nuclear theories for his structure model of atomic nucleus.

Looking back, Yu said, “No one’s name is indelible in history, but it is quite comforting to know that one has contributed to the motherland’s prosperity.”

 

 

 

 

 

China recognizes

prominent scientists

 

By Fu Shuangqi

 

Chinese Premier Li Keqiang addresses the presenting ceremony of China’s

2014 State Top Scientific and Technological Awards at the Great Hall of the

People in Beijing on January 9, 2015.    Photo by Ma Zhancheng

 

 

Chinese Premier Li Keqiang promised a better environment for scientists and innovation at the country’s top science awards on Friday of January 9.

At the ceremony, held annually to honor the most distinguished scientists and research in China, nuclear physicist Yu Min, the man behind China’s first hydrogen bomb, won the top accolade, receiving his award from President Xi Jinping.

The state leaders, including Xi, Li, Liu Yunshan and Zhang Gaoli, also presented awards to scientists whose research projects won the state awards.

When addressing the ceremony, Premier Li stressed that China needs strong innovation initiatives if it wants to maintain stable and relatively fast growth.

“China has huge potential of innovation now,” Li said, adding that people’s diversified needs, increasing market dynamics and the society’s inclusiveness demand innovation.

He pledged that the government will spend more resources for scientists breaking new ground. Young people are encouraged to take the lead.

“We will create an environment that encourages exploration, tolerates setbacks and respects individuality and creativity,” he said. “Innovation should be the value, lifestyle and trend of the times.”

The government will reform the system to enable scientists to benefit financially from their researches and offer better protection for intellectual property rights, he said.

It will encourage enterprises to invest in research and provide preferential tax and financial policies for small firms in innovation industries, he said. There will be more government spending in basic research.

Vice Premier Zhang Gaoli, who presided over the ceremony, encouraged scientists to follow the step of the award winners and contribute to the country’s scientific and technological development.

This year, eight scientists, one foreign organization and 318 research projects won the state awards.

 

 

 

 

 

 Top science prize honors transparent computing

By Wang Xiaopeng, Yu Xiaojie and Xie Ying

Research on the paradigm shift in computing won one of China’s top science prizes at the annual National Science Awards on Friday of January 9.

A team, led by Zhang Yaoxue — president of Central South University and a professor with Tsinghua University — invented the concept of transparent computing, pervasive programming in which users are not “aware” of the software (like operating systems and applications), which can access and accomplish tasks on any type of device, such as personal computers or intelligent appliances.

Zhang’s team developed an operating system named Meta OS, which allows users to use data stored in servers for computing in different terminals such as mobile phones, personal computers at home and computers in offices, without moving them around by email boxes or portable hard disks.

According to Zhang, Meta OS is compatible with different operating systems, which enables it to separate computing from storage, and software from hardware. “The separation allows mobile devices to be as light as possible,” he said.

Transparent computing has already been used in medical services at the Xiangya Hospital under Central South University, allowing people to get test results via their mobile phones.

Zhang, who was born in Hunan Province in 1956, is also a member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering. He has been a teacher at Tsinghua University since he received his Ph.D in computer networking from Japan’ s Tohoku University.

The Chinese government has offer prizes to distinguished scientists and their achievements to boost innovation.

 

 

 

 

 Advanced drilling platform wins China’s highest award

By Ren Ke

China’s advanced semi-submersible drilling platform on Friday of January 9 won the country’s highest award for progress in science and technology.

The ultra-deep water semi-submersible drilling platform took six years to develop and involved over 100 institutions along with 5,000 staff from the state-owned China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC).

The platform was designed and constructed exclusively by Chinese engineers.

Lin Yaosheng, a manager in charge of the project, said the platform can go as deep as 3,000 meters, with a drilling depth of 10,000 meters.

The 30,000 tonne platform is 137 meters high–as tall as a 45 storey building–and intended for use in the South China Sea, an area often subject to typhoons and monsoons.

China is the third country after the United States and Norway to design and build an ultra-deep water semi-submersible drilling platform.

The platform has already drilled 17 wells.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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